Common Issues of Adolescence
Among the challenges for young people going through adolescence are:
- Establishing a personal identity.
- Developing independence
- Expanding personal relationships
- Exploring ones talents and abilities.
For students, these can be confusing tasks and may interfere with their success at school. As school counselors, we provide short-term counseling to students and consultation to parents and school staff regarding these student issues.
Other Common Issues of Adolescence
- Concerns with fitting in
- Socializing with friends takes precedence over grades and other former interests
- Overuse of denial of consequences when taking risks
- Require structure, although reject and fight against it
- Crave time alone
- Experimentation with alcohol, drug, or sexual activity in order to obtain/maintain friends, humiliate parents, and counteract fears of worthlessness
- Low self-esteem
- Exaggerated use of imitating role models
- May complain about physical symptoms that have to do with psychosomatic symptoms.
- Transition from obedience to rebellion
- Rejection of parental guidelines
- Underlying need to please adults
- Hero worship/crushes
- Values/good behavior in exchange for rewards
- Boy/girl fantasies
- Present oriented rather than future oriented
- Overreaction to relatively minor incidents, often having to do with appearance and acceptance
- Variations in appearance from peers results in undue self-criticism.
- Rapid, uneven growth spurts (height, weight gain, muscle growth)
- Variations between increased and decreased appetite
- Undue attention to weight (80% of girls, 39% boys worry about weight or strength; may lead to use of weight reduction methods, anorexia, bulimia, or steroid use)
- Greater nutrient needs, but poor dietary habits (fast foods, snacks)
- Fatigue and growing pains
- Discomfort when sitting for long periods of time
- Considerable individual differences
- Show self-consciousness in learning new skills